Dating in leipzig
His troops moved south into Brandenburg, taking and sacking the towns of Küstrin and Frankfurt an der Oder.It was too late and too far to save one of Gustav’s “occupied” allies, Magdeburg, from a horrific sack by Imperial troops, beginning on May 20, in which a major portion of the population was murdered and the city burned.The Swedish brigade had more matchlocks and fewer pikemen than the Imperial tercio; overall, the Protestants fielded about the same number of matchlocks as Imperial troops. The disparity in overall numbers resulted from large levies of untrained soldiers.The number of heavy cannon was relatively close, with the Swedish having newer models and light cannon compensating for the disparity in heavy field pieces.By the time he reached the Saxon border, his force had grown to over 23,000 men.In order for Swedes to attack the Imperial troops in the south, they needed to pass through Saxony in the night.His plan was to avoid contact with the Swedes, and ultimately the Saxons, until his troops could unite with the units near Jena (about 5,000 seasoned professionals), and the larger force of Count Otto von Fugger, en route from Hesse.In this contemporary drawing, the Imperial formations (to the left) are deployed two companies deep, while the Swedish (to the right) are deployed just one company deep.
The Protestants had a considerable edge in cavalry numbers, about 13,000 (5,000 from Allies) to 9,000.
The Swedish phase of the Thirty Years War began when Gustavus Adolphus and his force of 13,000 landed at Peenemünde in 1630.
Initially, Sweden’s entrance into the war was considered a minor annoyance to the Catholic League and its allies; his only battles to this point had been inconclusive ones, or fought against generals of modest military ability.
The forces all had different structural organization.
The level of technology was roughly equivalent, with newer, lighter cannon and matchlocks giving the Swedes a slight advantage.